|The Andes mountain range is the longest in the world, stretching 7,250 kilometers (4,200 miles) down the southern half of the world. At their northern reach they begin in tropical Venzuela and run south through parts of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina towards Cape Horn and Patagonia, not that far away from Antartica. Most of the highest mountains in the Andes are volcanoes, some still active, many dormant or extinct. The tallest peak is Mt. Aconcagua, a giant volcano towering 6,962 meters (22,840) above sea level.
Many visitors to South America chose Peru as their first choice to see the Andes. Besides being stunningly beautiful, the Andes in Peru provide a myriad of attractions, from historical ruins to charming mountain towns, like Cusco from where you can hike the Inca Trail, take the train to Machu Picchu, visit the Sacred Valley and even descend into the Amazon jungle. From Cusco you can also arrange to travel southeast to the town of Puno, which lies on the shore of Lake Titicaca, the highest located lake in the world. Many Andes Moutains South America natives still dress in traditional garments, and in Peru, the descendants of the Inca are among the most colourful people in the world.
Tucked away in the high reaches of the Andes mountains, along the border between Bolivia and Peru, lies one of the highest regions inhabited by people anywhere in the world. Here in the "altiplano" farmers raise sheep, Llamas and alpacas, as they have done for thousand of years.
On the southern part of the Andes, on the Chile and Argentina Border is Los Glaciares National Park. This Patagonian Ice Field extends to over half the park and comprises of over two hundred glaciers and is considered to be the largest ice field outside of Antartica.
Many parts of the Andes in Argentina, Chile and Peru offers multiple choice for outdoor activities like skiing, hiking, fishing, mountaineering and water sports.