Brazil has more to offer than beautiful beaches, it is home to the largest part of the Amazon River and Rainforest with its wealth of flora and fauna.
More than a third of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest, a giant tropical forest and river basin and among the richest tropical forests in the world, and is the world´s most diverse biological area. The Amazon River has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and that number is still growing.
Brazil is a good starting point if you want to visit the Amazon Rainforest, as the bulk of rainforest lies within its boundaries. Manaus is the main hub for the Amazonas region in the north of Brazil, and is unique for a city of its size, in that road access is very limited. It relies much more on air travel and the vast network of rivers in the area. Nearly all visitors would fly in here for the start of their Amazon adventure, and continue their journey by boat. As one would expect, Manaus has a good choice of hotels and accommodation in most price levels.
Iguazú Falls, called Foz do Iguaçu in Portuguese, and Cataratas del Iguazú in Spanish, lie on the Argentina - Brazil border and are a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site. The falls are part of a singular practically virgin jungle ecosystem protected by Argentine and Brazilian national parks on either side of the cascades. Two thirds of the falls are on the Argentinian side of the river where you can also tour Iguazú National Park, where there are jungle trails and bird hikes. Plan a full day in the park to fully enjoy the wildlife flora and fauna.
It is possible to see the falls and surrounding area in a lightning trip but it is better to plan at least two days. The view from the Brazilian side is the most panoramic and there are helicopter rides out over the falls from Foz do Iguaçu. You may also take boat rides out to the falls. The light is best in the morning for photographs.
Best seen from the Brazilian side is the spectacular Devil's Throat, garganta del diablo, where fourteen falls drop 350 feet with such force that there is always a 100 foot cloud of spray overhead. Watch for the rainbow! For a close up view, walk through the subtropical forest of National Iguaçu Park to the base of Salto Floriano and take the elevator to the top of the falls. or walk out over the falls at Salto Union.
Rio Carnival has become world famous through the Samba Parade, a show, a display and competition of the Rio Samba Schools. The two major days are Carnival Sunday and Monday. The second best option is the Champions Parade on Saturday, followed by the Access Group parading on Carnival Friday. The annual carnival is held 40 days before Easter, so in 2010 the Rio Carnival starts on Saturday 13th February and ends on Fat Tuesday on the 16th February.