French Guiana has an area of 86,504 sq km and is bounded by Brazil to the south and east, by Suriname to the west, and by the Atlantic Ocean to the north east. This sparsely populated tropical area located on the nothern coast of South America has a total population estimated to 222,000 out of which around 100,000 lives in the urban area of Cayenne, the capital of French Guiana.
Most of French Guiana is low-lying, with mountains in the south and a swampy coastal plain. On the west the Maroni river forms the border with Suriname and the Oyapock River on the east forms part of the border with Brazil. The environment of the area is very rich and visitors may observe a great many protected species. 3,300 km of French Guiana's waterways are navigable by native craft with 460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal river steamers.
French Giana is served by Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport near the capital Cayenne, and with direct daily flights to Paris in France. Since French Guiana is a territory of France, French immigration law is applicable. Generally, this means EU citizens are allowed unhindered access into French Guiana while many other Western nations can stay for 90 days without a visa.