|Brazil, being South America's largest country, also has more big cities than any of the rest of the South American countries. The largest city, with more than 17 million inhabitants, is São Paulo, a center of trade and industry. Rio de Janeiro is probably the best known of the Brazilian cities, this is mainly due to the annual Carnival, the well known beaches such as Copacabana and Ipanema, and the famous statue, Christ The Redeemer, that overlooks the city.
Salvador is an exotic tropical city near the equator, with an old city full of colorful colonial buildings and cobblestoned streets. Belo Horizonte is an inland city developed along the plan of Washington, D.C. It is the third largest city in Brazil and a commercial and university city, with many cultural opportunities.Brasilia has been the capital of Brazil since 1960, it is situated in the highlands of central Brazil, and its modern public buildings stand out in sparsely settled countryside. The city was laid out in 1957 in the shape of an airplane.
The capital of Argentina, Buenos Aires is the second largest city in South America, and home to roughly one third of Argentina's citizens. With its museums, clubs, live music classical dancing venues, high-class restaurants and highly effective public transportation system, Buenos Aires is a traveler's dream. Buenos Aires has less Spanish influence than most South American cities reflecting its varied European roots.
Santiago is the capital and economic center of Chile. With its many museums, events, theaters, restaurants, bars and other entertainment and cultural opportunities, it is also the political and cultural center of the country. Its central location in the country makes it a grate base for visiting other areas of Chile.
Venezuela's capital, Caracas, and largest city is the center of commerce, culture, economics and the base for touring the country's attractions. Caracas blends a modern cityscape and a colonial heritage with lush, temperate climate. It is noisy as any large city with millions inhabitants, yet it boasts a city park with a waterfall and hundreds of tropical plants.
Lima, the capital of Peru, is an important colonial city that now suffers many of the problems of modern cities, but visitors who rush through it on the way to Peru's other attractions are missing a wealth of history and culture. Nestled high in the Andes at 2620 m (8646 ft), Bogota, the capital of Colombia, has much to offer the visitor, from the center of the historic district, to ample parks and amusement centers, shopping, churches, museums, restaurants and nightlife. The city has a mixture of influences, among these Spanish, English and Indian. Many travellers rush through Guayaquil in Ecuador on their way to the Galapagos. Those who make the time to explore the city might be pleasantly surprised.