Suriname, formerly known as Dutch Guiana, is located in northern South America on the Caribbean coast between Guyana to the west, French Guiana to the east and the Brazil to the south. The area of Suriname is 161,470 sq km and it has a coastline of 386 km. The total population is around 482,000 of which roughly 250,000 lives in Paramaribo, the capital of Suriname. The official language of Suriname is Dutch, but many other languages are also spoken. Paramaribo is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometers inland from the Atlantic Ocean. The city is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creols, Hindustani, East Indians, Maroons, Javanese, Native Americans, Chinese and Europeans.
Suriname's main attraction is its tropical rainforest, which covers nearly 80% of the country and is home to a huge variety of wildlife. The northern, lowland coastal area has been cultivated, and most of the population lives here. The southern part consists of tropical rainforest and sparsely populated savanna along the border with Brazil. It's not easy to get around this river-heavy, forest-dense country and the mix of languages can make it hard to communicate.
International flights land at Suriname's simple Zanderij Airport. From Albina in the east and Nieuw in the west, boats traverse the rivers to the borders of French Guiana and Guyana, respectively.